Fixing Services

The term "fixing" in the context of natural stone refers to the process of installing or attaching natural stone in its intended application. Fixing involves securing the stone in place, ensuring its stability, and creating a durable and aesthetically pleasing installation. The fixing of natural stone is crucial to ensure that the stone remains securely in position and can withstand the demands of its intended use.

Fixing Services

Fixing of natural stone can be done in various ways:

  • Wall Cladding: Natural stone can be fixed to walls to create a decorative and functional covering. The stone is attached to the wall using mortar or adhesive, ensuring a secure and even installation.
  • Flooring: Natural stone can be fixed to the floor surface, creating a durable and visually appealing flooring option. The stone is typically adhered to the substrate using mortar or adhesive and may also require grouting to fill the gaps between the stone tiles or slabs along with waterproofing.
  • Countertops: Natural stone, such as granite or marble, even engineered stone (Quartz) can be fixed to kitchen or bathroom countertops. The stone is typically bonded to a supporting structure using adhesives or mechanical fasteners to provide a stable and durable working surface.
  • Steps and Risers: Natural stone can be used for staircases, where the steps and risers are fixed in place to create functional and aesthetically pleasing stairs. The stone is securely attached to the staircase structure using adhesives or anchors.
  • Facades: Natural stone can be fixed to the exterior of buildings to create an attractive and durable fa├žade. The stone is typically installed using anchoring systems that ensure the stone remains securely attached to the building structure.

How is Fixing Done?

The specific methods and equipment used for fixing natural stone can vary depending on the application and the type of stone being used. Here are some common techniques and tools used for fixing natural stone:

  • Mortar or Adhesive: Mortar or adhesive is commonly used to fix natural stone in place. It acts as a bonding agent between the stone and the substrate. Different types of mortars or adhesives are available, including cement-based, epoxy-based, or polymer-modified formulations. These are applied to the back of the stone or the substrate using a trowel or a specialized adhesive dispenser.
  • Grout: Grout is used to fill the gaps between natural stone tiles or slabs to create a uniform and cohesive surface. It helps to stabilize the stone installation and provides a finished look. Grout can be made of cement-based or epoxy-based materials and is applied using a grout float or a grout bag.
  • Anchors and Fasteners: In applications where additional support or anchoring is required, anchors or fasteners are used. These may include screws, bolts, brackets, or specialized stone anchors. Anchors and fasteners are typically made of stainless steel or other corrosion-resistant materials. They are installed by drilling holes into the stone and substrate, and then securing the anchors with appropriate tools, such as drills or impact drivers.
  • Leveling Systems: To ensure a flat and even installation of natural stone, leveling systems can be used. These systems include tools such as leveling clips, wedges, or spacers. They help to maintain consistent spacing and alignment between the stone pieces during installation.
  • Cutting and Fabrication Tools: Various cutting and fabrication tools may be needed to shape or trim natural stone during installation. These tools include angle grinders, diamond saw blades, wet tile saws, or bridge saws. They allow for precise cutting, shaping, or drilling of the stone as required for the specific application.
  • Hand Tools: A range of hand tools may be used for installing natural stone, such as trowels, notched trowels, rubber mallets, rubber floats, and grout floats. These tools aid in spreading mortar, applying grout, leveling the surface, and achieving proper adhesion of the stone.
  • Cleaning & Sealing Products: After the stone is installed, cleaning and sealing products may be used to protect and maintain its appearance. Stone cleaners, sealers, and enhancers help to remove grout residue, prevent staining, and enhance the natural beauty of the stone. These products are applied using appropriate applicators or sprayers.
  • Dry Fixing: Dry fixing is a method of installing natural stone without the use of wet mortars or adhesives. Instead, mechanical fixings and fasteners are used to secure the stone in place. Dry fixing offers several advantages, including faster installation, reduced mess, and the ability to disassemble and reassemble the stone if needed.